Pollution is defined as tainting of the physical and biological components of the earth framework so that typical ecological procedures are antagonistically influenced. Any utilization of natural resources at a rate higher than nature’s ability to re-establish itself can bring about contamination of air, water and land. Industrial pollution is the pollution which originates from industries while domestic pollution is the pollution caused to the earth by household use.
Pollutants can be in the form of liquid, solid, gas or energy. Liquid pollutants are usually from liquid waste for example, urine sewage and human waste, human excreta, urban run-off, overflowing septic tanks. Solid pollutants include plastic bags, metals, pieces of cloth, chemicals in solid form etc. Each year, the global population creates approximately 1.3 billion tons of waste.
Pollution is one of the most global challenges. Pollution and discharge of toxic gases has tremendous effects on the earth and the living organisms. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that outdoor air pollution alone accounts for around 2% of all heart and lung diseases, about 5% of all lung cancers and about 1% of all chest diseases. Researches also shows that the risk of birth defects increases in pregnant women due to the exposure to air pollution during early pregnancy.
Bodies of water which are polluted with disease causing bacteria can be unsafe. For instance, these could be consumed by shellfish and when these shellfishes are consumed raw or half-cooked, these shellfish can make people sick. Detergents in water bodies can cause liver and kidney damage, sewage water carries diseases that might be extremely harmful to the human body and all living organism inside waters.
Report have it that, approximately 9 million deaths in 2015 were connected to pollution. The global warming of earth’s climate are associated with emission of greenhouse gases from combustion of fossil fuels, photochemical smog, and acid rain.
Community outreach events and activities e.g. distribution of solar power energy to reduce carbon dioxide emission in rural areas.
Sensitization programs in schools, market places, community people to educate and inform them the effects of household pollutions and measures to reduce it.
Workshops for teachers, health workers, industrial based workers on ways to reduce pollution and emission of gases e.g. reduction of energy usage, reduction of fossil fuel dependence etc.
Training programs in collaboration with specific industries for young people on innovation and development of technologies that can help to reduce greenhouse effects.
Facilitate independent and open dialogue with civil society on the environmental implications